Hobos are drifters who manage to survive by their wits, working when necessary, but tending not to. The word “hobo” is a contraction of the salutation “Ho” and the ironic “Beau.” “Ho Beau” is an old fashioned precursor to the current “Hey Dude.” These are sarcastic appellations because they are directed at persons who are neither beaus nor dudes.
Another explanation claims that the word stems from “Hoe Boy.” After the Civil War (1861-1865) migrant farm workers carried their own hoes. The plural is as dichotomous as the etymology; it is spelled “hobos” or “hoboes.”
Hobos were, in effect, a temporary work force that was highly mobile. They traveled by freight train because it was free, accessible, and went everywhere. To make their connections they congregated near rail yards, where they could jump off one train and catch another. Trains slow down at the yards and made access and egress fairly easy.
The large rail yard here in southeastern Norwich was an ideal place to transfer trains and to find work and supplies nearby. In operation from 1868 to 1957, this yard belonged to the New York, Ontario & Western Railway (O&W), but did connect with the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (DL&W). Today the high and middle schools and the Norwich Court apartments now stand where the rail yards once stood. The brown CWS building used to be the O&W freight house.
While waiting between trains, or to bed down while working nearby, the hobos stayed in areas known as “jungles,” where they could rest and eat. Sometimes they spent several weeks in these jungles. Jungles were aptly named because they were often cesspools of Darwinian survival. It took a lot of guts for a lone man to walk into one of these places, where he would be surrounded by strangers and the only law would be theirs. A successful hobo had to be sly or tough or both.